Timber saw cut terminology demystified
There are various saw cuts used when machining timber. Standard cuts you may encounter are the rip cut, crosscut, mitre cut, bevel cut and deep rip.
Rip Cut vs Cross Cut
The Rip Cut is a cut that splits a piece of timber parallel to the grain. Cutting timber along the grain is a very easy cut, essentially, you “rip” the wood apart. Rip cutting is most commonly used to resize a wide board, or produce multiple smaller width boards from a wider piece.
A Cross Cut is performed by cutting perpendicular to the grain. Typically you would use a saw with smaller teeth, but more of them to make this cut. However, some circular saw blades are combination blades and can make both types of cuts. Crosscutting is used to cut boards to length.
Mitre Cuts vs Bevel Cuts
A Mitre Cut is a cut on an angle across the face. This is a common woodworking cut used to create a neat and attractive joint between two pieces of timber that meet at a 90-degree angle; for example skirting boards or architrave around doorways.
A Bevel Cut is an angled cut relative to the face of the material. This can either be an angled cut along the entire side of a plank of wood or cut at the end of the wood. Bevel cuts are often used in decorative purposes for example cabinet trim, interior moldings and picture frames.
A deep rip is a cut through the width of the board on its edge.
It is used to produce a thinner board or boards from a thicker piece.